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Radio Horizonte, Chiclayo, Peru

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The following item is taken from Relampago DX #108 (June 1999) by Takayuki Inoue Nozaki. It is placed here with permission.

Por las Rutas del Perú (23) ...

RADIO HORIZONTE

Radio Horizonte, a new commercial station transmitting from Chiclayo, made its first appearance on shortwave in early March of 1992. Identifying itself with the slogan "Radio Horizonte, frecuencia 770 de su dial para todo el norte del Perú", the station operated both on 770 kHz medium wave and on shortwave. It was first observed on the measured frequency of 4331.1 kHz in the maritime mobile band. Shortly thereafter, Radio Horizonte moved down to another variable frequency range between 4509.32 kHz and 4503.27 kHz on which it continued to broadcast from late March through late May of 1992. Subsequently it drifted up slightly to 4509.1 kHz, on which frequency it remained from June to late October of 1992.

(Check the Peru Radio Graphics menu for some great photos of Radio Horizonte.)

In the middle of November, 1992, Radio Horizonte moved approximately 4 kHz lower and settled down on the frequency range between 4505.0 kHz and 4505.1 kHz. After having remained on 4505.1 kHz (nominal frequency 4505 kHz) for about five years, the station changed its shortwave frequency to 4534.1 kHz in November of 1997. Afterward, it temporarily returned to the previously-utilized frequency of 4505.1 kHz, but subsequently it again moved back up to 4534.1 kHz.

On December 27, 1994, I visited the studio of Radio Horizonte, which was in a second-story building at Jirón Incanato No.387 Altos, Distrito of José Leonardo Rotíz, in Chiclayo. The entrance had a tiny billboard indicating the station name "Radio Horizonte". However, it was extremely difficult to see the station facilities from a distance because there was no conspicuous sign such as an antenna for a link between the studio and the transmitter site. The studio and offices were on the second floor of the building. At the reception desk I explained the purpose of my visit, and the secretary quickly invited me to enter the facilities. The operating studio was equipped with a homebrewed console mixer (6 channel), two "Pioneer" brand cassette decks, a radio cassette deck, and two "Sony" brand microphones. The station operators used cassette tapes as their main source of program material, and for this reason the station had no turntables. Located next to the operating room was the announcers' cabin enclosed by plywood partitions. One of the partitions (the partition in front of the announcers' desk) had a small window to enable the announcers to communicate with the sound technician. The manager's office was apparently used as a repair shop where many pieces of electronic equipment could be seen. Enrique Becerra Rojas, the station owner and manager, cordially greeted me, and was very pleased that a Japanese listener would bother to visit his broadcasting station. He explained the interesting history of Radio Horizonte, and also revealed that he had another business named "Electrónica Reserva".

"Electrónica Reserva" was founded in 1984 by Enrique Becerra Rojas, a radio engineer with over a quarter century of experience in the design and manufacture of broadcast transmitters. He is a native of Llapa, a small highland village located at an elevation of 2,928 meters in the Province of San Miguel de Pallaques, in the Department of Cajamarca. Since its foundation, it has provided a large number of shortwave and medium wave transmitters to commercial broadcasters in Northern Peru. "Electrónica Reserva" brand transmitters are currently used by many provincial stations, especially stations operating in the Department of Cajamarca such as Radio Cajamarca (1346.4 kHz), Radio Bambamarca "Frecuencia Líder" (4419 VkHz), Radio La Inmaculada in Santa Cruz (5305.0 kHz), Radio Líder del Norte in Cajamarca (5338.9 kHz), Radio Sudamérica in Cutervo (5523.4 kHz), etc.

Radio Horizonte in Chiclayo was not the first broadcasting station founded by Enrique Becerra Rojas. Previously he had established Radio El Puerto in the small port town of Pacasmayo, 105 km north of Trujillo on the Pan-American Highway, in the Department of La Libertad. It was inaugurated on March 1, 1986 under the broadcasting company name of "Empresa de Radiodifusión El Puerto Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada". Radio El Puerto began its operations on 1500 kHz with a 1 kW transmitter manufactured by the station owner. Several months later Radio El Puerto commenced experimental transmissions on the shortwave band, and was first noted on the measured frequency of 4519.1 kHz in early September of 1986. Radio El Puerto's first shortwave broadcasts were heard and correctly identified by DXers in other countries on 1986, but it soon vanished from the air waves. However, a few years later the station returned to the air with the station identification: "Radio El Puerto ya está en el corazón de los pacasmayanos en 1500 kHz con sonido ecualizado y alta fidelidad."

The new transmissions were heard on 4330.0 kHz in the middle of July, 1990. In late July of 1990, while still transmitting on the shortwave frequency of 4330.0 kHz, the station announced that its medium wave frequency had been changed from 1500 kHz to 1430 kHz. In late September of 1990, Radio El Puerto appeared on 6300.0 kHz, and it moved to 4299.9 kHz in the middle of November of 1990. Shortly thereafter it again changed frequencies by jumping up to 4507.1 kHz. Then, in the beginning of January of 1991, the shortwave outlet returned to 4299.9 kHz, on which frequency it was regularly heard until late September of 1991. The shortwave outlet of Radio El Puerto was undoubtedly illegal. However, on September 18, 1992, the medium wave outlet was licensed with the callsign OCX2X under Ministerial Resolution No.0772-92-TCC/15.17. It actually broadcasts on the officially assigned frequency of 740 kHz, with an output power of 1 kW. After Radio El Puerto's shortwave broadcasts had been discontinued, the transmitter was transferred to Chiclayo in order to establish another broadcasting enterprise.

On March 1, 1991, "Radiodifusión Horizonte Chiclayo Empresa Individual de Responsabilidad Limitada" was inaugurated under the management of Enrique Becerra Rojas. Radio Horizonte was created for the purpose of communicating to the people and providing them with information, entertainment and education. This purpose was reflected by its slogan: "la emisora del pueblo". From the studio and offices established at Jirón Próceres No.745, Urbanización Latina in Chiclayo, the station started its test operations in January of 1991 on 770 kHz medium wave with an "Electrónica Reserva" brand transmitter of 3 kW. On August 9, 1993, Radio Horizonte was licensed with the callsign OCX1T under Ministerial Resolution No.0348-93-MTC/15.17. The medium wave outlet is officially assigned on 770 kHz, but, according to my local monitor in Chiclayo, it was measured on 768.9 kHz in December of 1994. Afterward, during my latest stay there, I learned that it was still broadcasting on 768.9 kHz rather than on 770 kHz.

In March of 1992, Radio Horizonte started its experimental transmissions on shortwave on the nominal frequency of 4330 kHz, utilizing a transmitter of 0.5 kW which had formerly been used by Radio El Puerto in Pacasmayo. However, the station soon changed its shortwave frequency in order to avoid interference from other broadcasters. Regular shortwave operations on 4510 kHz were commenced in June of 1992. Afterward, Radio Horizonte slightly changed its frequency to 4505 kHz in order to avoid interference from another provincial station on a nearby channel. The shortwave transmission is designed to broadcast the station's programming to people living in remote communities in the desert Department of Lambayeque and in the neighboring departments of Northern Peru. The shortwave outlet operated for many years without a license, but it is currently authorized with the callsign OAZ1F to transmit on 3290 kHz in the 90 meter band. At the time of the writing of this article, Radio Horizonte has not moved to the officially assigned frequency, but is still audible on the variable frequency of 4534.1 kHz.

As of September 1998, Radio Horizonte "la emisora del pueblo" broadcasts at 0800-0500 daily on medium wave, and simulcasts on shortwave at 0900-1400V and 0000-0500 daily. The regular broadcasts are scheduled with the following programs: from Monday to Saturday: 0800-0900 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 0900-1000 "Una Luz en Tu Camino", 1000-1100 "Aires Andinos del Perú", 1100-1300 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 1300-1400 "Noticiero Almatur", 1400-1500 "Reloj Musical, El Tic Tac de Tu Sintonía", 1500-1600 "Sabor Latino", 1600-1700 "Show del Criollismo", 1700-1900 "Noticiero Bién Público", 1900-2000 "Programa Deportivo", 2000-2100 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor", 2100-2200 "Hora Latina", 2200-2300 "Escuela Agraria", 2300-2400 "Melodías del Perú", 0000-0200 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 0200-0300 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor", 0300-0500 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor". On Sunday the schedule is as follows: 0800-1000 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 1000-1130 "Recuerdos de Mi Tierra", 1130-1300 "Santa Misa", 1300-1400 "Musicales Andinos", 1400-1600 "Recorriendo La Amazonía Peruana", 1600-1800 "Trinos de La Voz Peruana", 1800-2000 "Especial de Ecuador y Sus Canciones", 2000-2100 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor", 2100-2300 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor", 2300-2400 "Programa Cultural", 0000-0100 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 0100-0200 "Música Vernacular Folklórica", 0200-0500 "Programa Evangélico - Dios es Amor".

Identification texts

  • "Desde el corazón de la ciudad más comercial del norte del Perú, Chiclayo, transmite Radio Horizonte 770 kHz positiva y excelente. Radio Horizonte, una radio para quedarse a vivir."
  • "Esta es la radio que rescata valor y apoya al folklor nacional, Radio Horizonte, defendiendo lo nuestro en toda la zona norte."
  • "Música, cultura, deportes, notiocias y entretenimiento es lo que fomenta Radio Horizonte, positiva y excelente en Chiclayo y toda la zona norte."

Technical Information

OCX1T 770 kHz: is equipped with a "Electrónica Reserva" brand transmitter (3 kW) and a 1/4 wave omnidirectional vertical antenna (97 meters high above the ground). The medium wave outlet is officially assigned to operate on 770 kHz, but it is actually measured on 768.9 kHz.
OAZ1F 3290 kHz: is equipped with a "Electrónica Reserva" brand transmitter (0.5 kW) and a 1/2 wave dipole antenna (15 meters high above the ground). The shortwave outlet is currently licensed to operate on 3290 kHz in the 90 meter band, however it actually remains on 4534.1 kHz. Transmitter site: Fundo Santa María, San Carlos, Distrito de José Leonardo Ortiz, Provincia de Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque, Perú. (It is located about 3.5 km west from studio: Longitude 79-51-31 West and Latitude 06-47-24 South.)

Studio: Jirón Incanato No.387 Altos, Distrito José Leonardo Ortiz, Chiclayo, Departamento de Lambayeque, Perú.

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